refers to a range of techniques which rely on the use radiological image guidance ” X-ray fluoroscopy,
ultrasound, computed tomography [CT] or magnetic
resonance imaging [MRI]" to precisely target therapy.
Most IR treatments are minimally invasive alternatives to open and laparoscopic "keyhole" surgery.
As many IR procedures start with passing a needle through the skin to the target it is sometimes called pinhole surgery!
Prof. Dr/ Nagy Khatar
Prof. Dr/ Shady Mashhour
Prof. Dr/ Farouk Hassan
Prof. Dr/ Shady Elebrashy